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Nutrition and Health in Pregnancy: What to Eat Each Trimester

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Stuck on what to eat for each trimester? Sassy Mama is here to help!

One of the biggest myths out there (and ladies you know what I am talking about) is that pregnant women should eat for two. True or false? Big false on this one. It’s true that during pregnancy a woman has to provide good nutrition for two individuals. The growing baby gets all its nourishment from its mother through the umbilical cord, so diet is very important. If the mother lacks any vitamins and nutrients her baby might lack them too.

It’s all about quality and not about doubling up on the calories.

Even if you already consider yourself healthy there are some important things to keep in mind now that you are pregnant. As a basic rule, fresh is best, and getting more fruit and vegetables into your diet is one of the best ways to bump up your intake of vitamins and minerals. Here’s a look at the foods to focus on during each trimester.

trimester foods 1

Trimester 1

Some of the nutritional issues we aim to concentrate on during the first trimester should be:

1. Maximising maternal iron reserves – preventing anaemia
2. Increasing folic acid levels – reducing rate of neural tube defect
3. Increasing calcium and vitamin D levels – for babies’ skeleton and teeth formation
4. Increasing essential fatty acids needed to optimise brain, eye and spinal cord development in the baby
5. Managing nausea
6. Managing constipation
7. Managing cravings and maintaining normal weight gain

Foods to include in our daily diet (which contain the above needed nutrients) would be: red meat (organic and grass fed if possible), green leafy vegetables, eggs (organic), seaweed, beetroot, mushrooms, avocado, carrots, bananas, dried prunes, oats, wild fatty fish (e.g. salmon), raw unsalted nuts and seeds, lentils and beans.

Supplements to consider taking: Pregnancy multivitamin (has to include folic acid), DHA omega 3 supplement, flaxseed oil, chia seeds, ginger (fresh in tea is my favourite but you can take it in capsules) to combat the nausea and probiotics.

Water intake should be increased to 3 litres a day.

trimester foods - healthy flapjacks

Trimester 2

The second trimester is usually considered the smoothest trimester. We start feeling much better and begin to “glow”. Now that the nausea is over, it is a great chance to step up your nutritional uptake and make sure to nourish yourselves and your baby.

Issues to consider during the second trimester include:

– Minimising stress (avoiding stress hormones crossing the placenta) and reducing muscle cramps/spasms
– Improving your sleep (you will definitely need it when the newborn arrives)
– Our blood volume is increasing as the placenta reaches full size therefore we have an increased need for iron (sufficient iron will improve our immune function, reduce probability of post-partum haemorrhage and reduce the probability of post natal depression)
– Stretch marks – nuff said….
– Lastly, nourish the placenta, enhance circulation, increase antioxidant properties

Foods to make sure you include in your daily diet: dried figs & apricots (naturally dried), corn, almonds, Brazil nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, whole-cream organic milk, organic yogurt, organic yellow cheese, sardines, fortified cereals, asparagus, broccoli, spinach, garlic and onions.

Supplements to consider taking: wheat germ

trimester foods 3 - eggs-avocado

Trimester 3

As we prepare for the birth of our child we need to remember to not only nourish ourselves well, but also to rest and relax our body.

During this trimester the greatest amount of growth is occurring, so it is normal to feel more tired, heavier and uncomfortable.

Some of the issues we aim to concentrate on during the third trimester are:

– Fluid retention and swelling: This can be caused by protein deficiency so make sure to get enough lean protein in your daily diet. Gentle exercise, lymphatic massage and leg elevation may help you. In terms of foods, opt for diuretic foods like celery & asparagus.

– Difficulty sleeping: Some say that this is the body’s natural way in preparing you for the sleep depravation that you are about to encounter…. What can you do? Try eating foods that are high in tryptophan before bed-time: turkey, fish, beef, cottage cheese, eggs, pumpkin, whole grains, seaweed, potatoes, bananas, cabbage, lentils and figs. Good night snacks include: banana and yogurt, tahini on crackers and camomile tea.

– Varicose Veins/Haemorrhoids: A high fibre diet is the best treatment; psyllium husks, water, plenty fruit and vegetables are the answer.

– Preparation for birth: An old, but much used recipe for preparing the uterus for birth is raspberry leaf tea. Studies have shown that drinking the tea during the last weeks of pregnancy may shorten the second stage of labour. Please consult your physician before taking this supplement.

Foods to avoid during pregnancy

– Foods that may contain the bacteria Listeria: Soft cheeses, uncooked ‘deli’ style meats, raw meat or fish (sushi) and un-pasteurised milk and milk products.
– Foods high in mercury: raw fish and predatory fish that are high in mercury should be avoided. These include shark, swordfish, tuna and barramundi.
– Alcohol and caffeine should definitely be avoided.

Feature image sourced via Shutterstock, image #1#2#3 sourced via Pinterest.

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